لینک بخش اول: بخش اول

 

۳-اسپرسو لونگو Espresso Lungo

لونگو همان ‌"Long" به زبان انگلیسی، "Allongé" به زبان فرانسه و "بلند" به زبان فارسیست. اسپرسو لونگو در حقیقت متضاد اسپرسو ریسترتو است. لونگو با آبی تقریباً دو برابر اسپرسو معمولی درست می‌شود. اگر اسپرسو در طول ۲۵ تا ۳۰ ثانیه حدود ۲۵ تا ۳۰ میلی‌لیتر نوشیدنی به ما می‌دهد، اسپرسو لونگو در حدود ۱ دقیقه آماده می‌شود که حجم آن ۵۰ تا ۶۰ میلی‌لیتر است.

اسپرسو لونگو نباید با آمریکانو یا بلک‌کافی اشتباه گرفته شود. در تهیه‌ی اسپرسو لونگو ما تمام حجم آب را از درون قهوه رد می‌کنیم، اما در آمریکانو یا بلک‌کافی آب جوش به اسپرسوی ما به صورت جداگانه اضافه می‌گردد.

اسپرسو لونگو نسبت به اسپرسو معمولی سبک‌تر اما تلخ‌تر است. هر چه حجم آب گذرنده از قهوه را بیشتر کنیم، مزه‌ی آن تلخ‌تر می‌شود.

 

اسپرسو لونگو Espresso Lungo

اسپرسو لونگو Espresso Lungo

 

۴-اسپرسو ماکیاتو Espresso Macchiato

نام دیگر آن قهوه ماکیاتوست. "ماکیاتو" در زبان ایتالیایی به معنای "لکه‌دار شده با شیر" است.

برای تهیه‌ی اسپرسو ماکیاتو به یک شات اسپرسو و مقدار کمی شیر برای لکه‌دار کردن آن نیازمندیم. در حقیقت ما به قطره‌های فوم شیر برای لکه‌دار کردن اسپرسو نیازمندیم. دلیل به وجود آمدن این نوع اسپرسو، ایجاد وجه تمایز بین اسپرسو خالی و اسپرسو با مقدار کمی شیر بوده است. با این لکه‌گذاری دیگر اشتباهی بین این دو نوع اسپرسو صورت نمی‌پذیرد.

اگر شیر را به صورت گرم در اسپرسو بریزیم به آن "ماکیاتو کالدو" و اگر آن را به صورت سرد بریزیم به آن "ماکیاتو فِرِدّو" می‌گویند. همچنین "لاته ماکیاتو" نیز نوعی قهوه می‌باشد که در آن "شیر را با اسپرسو" لکه‌دار می‌کنیم.

 

اسپرسو ماکیاتو Espresso Macchiato

اسپرسو ماکیاتو Espresso Macchiato

 

۵-اسپرسو کن‌پانا Espresso con panna

اسپرسو کن‌پانا در زبان ایتالیایی به معنای "اسپرسو با خامه" است. در آمریکا به Vienne و در فرانسه و انگلستان به Viennois نیز معروف است.

این نوع اسپرسو از اسپرسو تک‌شات یا جفت‌شات به همراه مقدار زیادی خامه بر روی آن تشکیل شده است.

 

اسپرسو کن‌پانا Espresso con panna

اسپرسو کن‌پانا Espresso con panna

 

ادامه دارد...

لینک بخش سوم و آخر: بخش سوم و آخر

 

منابع:

۱-ویکی‌پدیا انگلیسی

اسپرسو لونگو

قهوه ماکیاتو

اسپرسو کُن‌پانا

۲-اپلیکیشن Great Coffee App

Great Coffee App

میلاد قربانی

نویسنده : میلاد قربانی

اشتراک گذاری در شبکه های اجتماعی
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[info]
Route: front:news-story-index.
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system
Execution time
0.1354 s
Included files
625 files
Memory usage
4062448; peak: 4133896 bytes
OS
Linux
Web Server
LiteSpeed
PHP Version
7.1.4
Pi Environment
2.6.0-alpha development
Zend Version
2.4.11
Persist Engine
memcached
Cache Storage
Pi\Cache\Storage\Adapter\Filesystem
Module
news
Theme
cafeyab
Extensions
APC: ; Intl; cURL